This page serves as a full guide to understanding and implementing a Hemp lifestyle of incredible health. It serves to help Hemp education in South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia. Before we can understand what Hemp oil is we first have to understand something about marijuana, otherwise known as dagga and hemp.
What is Marijuana, Dagga and Hemp – (Cannabis Sativa L.)?
We have all heard of marijuana, dagga and hemp. Dagga is the legal name for marijuana in South Africa and both dagga and hemp are different variations or strains of a plant known as Cannabis Sativa L. Marijuana or dagga has psychoactive effects brought about by a compound found in the plants known THC. THC has long been used in aid of various illnesses or to counteract negative effects of chemotherapy. Whilst hemp has been used for a really long time to make food, textile, clothing, rope and many more products. Hemp is known to have a high CBDcompound content with a THC content of less than 1%. Plants having higher CBDcompounds are also known to have longer season and daylight stretches of light or sunlight.
What is the difference between CBDcompound and THC?
CBDcompound vs THC, a rather famous battle in the cannabis world. CBDcompound is is one of the many cannabinoid compounds found in Cannabis. Although not as popular as its partner THC, CBDcompound has been praised for its non-psychoactive properties and amazing health benefits. Research does suggest that THC has its health benefits, although it is very well known for its psychoactive effects which may cause some users with a feeling of floating.
What are the potential benefits of Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the compounds that make up Cannabis. In other words, hemp, marijuana or dagga are a part of the cannabis family. They all have within them a variety of cannabinoid compounds, like CBDcompound and THC, giving the user an array of health and therapeutic benefits. Benefits from Cannabinoids include:
The Endocannabinoid System
Endocannabinoids are molecules that, like the plant cannabinoid THC, bind to and activate cannabinoid receptors. However, unlike THC, endocannabinoids are produced naturally by cells in the human body (“endo” means “within,” as in within the body). This would mean that in this world all our bodies should be scheduled drugs, now that just doesn’t make any sense at all right. There are two major endocannabinoids: anandamide and 2-AG. These endocannabinoids are made from fat-like molecules within cell membranes, and are synthesized on-demand.
This means that they get made and used exactly when they’re needed, rather than packaged and stored for later use like many other biological molecules. That is why it is always up to you to find the best, most pure and highest quality possible, always insisting on data of the medicinal oils you utilize. Homeostasis is the concept that most biological systems are actively regulated to maintain conditions within a narrow range. Our body doesn’t want its temperature to be too hot or too cold, blood sugar levels too high or too low, and so on. Conditions need to be balanced for our cells to maintain optimum performance, and exquisite mechanisms have evolved to draw them back to balance when they move out. The body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a vital molecular system for helping maintain homeostasis — balance.
What is Cannabis Oil?
Generally speaking people refer to oils with high levels of THC in them as Cannabis Oil. This is obviously made from the marijuana or dagga plant whereas CBDcompound is made from hemp and high CBD low THC cannabis plants and typically are called CBDcompound or Hemp Oil. This is the typical language, although both plants are directly related to the original Cannabis Sativa L.
What is Hemp Oil or CBDhemp Oil?
CBDcompound is the non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. Unlike THC, CBDcompound does not cause a high. The reason why CBDcompound is non-psychoactive is due to its lack of affinity to CB1 receptors, which are the pathways responsible for the psychoactive effects of THC. Basically the CBDcompound doesn’t connect well with CB1 receptors. For cost efficiency Hemp CBDcompound Oil is extracted from the cannabis plant with high levels of CBDcompound and low levels of THC, otherwise known as hemp. Because Hemp Oil is non-psychoactive, it is an extremely popular choice for many people around the world who want the plants health benefits.
CBDcompound and Case studies
Scientific Studies showing that CBDcompound oil can assist in the following cases: Anti-Seizure Effects, Neuroprotective and Anti-Inflammatory Effects, Analgesic Effects, Anti-Tumor Effects, Anti-Psychotic Effects, Anti-Anxiety Effects, Treating Substance Use Disorders, Alzheimer’s Disease, Insomnia, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Epilepsy, Osteoarthritis, anti-arthritic and migraines and many more.
What are the Hemp Oil Benefits?
There literally are so many health benefits to CBDcompound as well as so many medical studies with incredibly amazing results. People use Hemp Oil because of its powerful antioxidant, natural pain relief, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-psychoactive effects. It assists in optimal brain health and function, in relieving nausea, promoting cardiovascular health as well as calming anxiety disorders. It obviously counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC, is also neuro-protective, analgesic, antiemetic and anti-tremor, assisting with parkinson’s disease. Amazingly it has also been known to assist with drug withdrawals, epilepsy and other mind imbalances, type 1 diabetes, acne, balancing immune support and function and alzheimer’s and dementia. The list can go on from PTSD and seizures, but really one thing to simply use CBDcompound for is just plain old stress.
Is CBDoil Legal in South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia?
In South Africa, as of Tuesday the 18th of September 2018, the Constitutional Court ruled that it is now legal to grow and and use cannabis in your home under the Constitutional right to privacy. Although this is a great jump in legislation for cannabis, CBDoil has enjoyed legality for some time because it is non-psychoactive.
In Zimbabwe, as of May 2018, the Zimbabwean government made growing and selling cannabis for medical purposes legal. It is being referred to as the legalizing cannabis cultivation. Again, CBDoil is legal because of its non-psychoactive effects.
Lesotho, back in 2017, legalized cultivation of cannabis and has seen a tremendous boost of investments from the demanding international cannabis market. CBDoil is also legal in Lesotho.
In Botswana and Namibia it is illegal to possess, sell, transport or cultivate marijuana. CBDoil however enjoys legality.
Swaziland has been making moves to process the legalization of cannabis however the stone remains unturned and users can still be given large fines or jail time. CBDoil, again, is non-psychoactive so it enjoys legality.
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil assists in skin care and cardiovascular health. It contains essential fatty acids, omega 6 and omega 3, in a ratio of 3:1, which is in the optimal range for health. Hemp seed oil is not to be confused with CBDcompound hemp oil or Hemp Oil, as the CBDcompound in CBDcompound is extracted and purified for medicinal purposes in concentrations and hemp seed oil is a cold-pressed oil from the seed only, whereas CBDcompound mostly comes from the trichomes on the flowers and whole plant matter.
What are the most common compounds found in Cannabis Sativa L.
We already know a substantial amount on our CBDcompound, now we can delve into some of the other compounds found in our beautiful plants.
THC or delta-9 tetrahydracannabinol is the most beautiful and abundant compound found in cannabis. THC just happens to have the right molecular structure to fit into special binding sites on cells throughout the body. These specific sections are now known to be parts of a larger, endocannabinoid system. As smoothly as keys fit into a lock, THC binds to cannabinoid receptor and ignites a series of chemical reactions. In order to get THC the acid has to be removed from THCa first. Decarboxylation happens when you apply heat to your cannabis. You can’t just eat cannabis and expect to have a psychoactive experience. In its raw plant form, THC doesn’t actually exist in a shape that will trigger a psychoactive effect in humans. Inside marijuana resin glands, called trichomes, THC is actually found as tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCa). THC
In its acid form, it’s impossible for THCa to bind to cell receptors in our body because it’s the wrong shape. THCa has an additional carbon atom attached, and in order to fit into the proper cell receptors in our brain, you need to remove the acid group by adding just a little heat.
Potential Benefits of THC:
- Crohn’s disease
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Neuropathic and chronic pain
- Inflammation/ arthritis
- Sleep apnea
- Appetite loss
CBDG or Cannabigerol – is a minor cannabinoid with major impact. Part of the reason for this is because cannabigerolic acid is also the main precursor for other major cannabinoid acidic precursors, THCA, CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), and CBCA. These are then metabolized by synthases that can make THC, CBD, or CBC. This can also be referred to as the degradation of CBGA. Cannabigerol is thought of as the cannabis “stem cell” because of this role it plays in producing the other cannabinoids.
CBDG potential Health benefits:
- Assists in pain relief and reduces inflammation
- Inhibits cell growth in tumours or cancer
- Promotes bone growth
CBC or Cannabichromene – A study examining the effect of cannabichromene on adult neural stem/progenitor cells suggests that CBC raises the viability (self-maintenance or ability to recover) of neural stem progenitor cells (NSPCs) while inhibiting their differentiation into astroglia, possibly through up-regulation of ATP and adenosine signaling. Either way, this is kind of a big deal. You’re probably not sure or familiar with what NSCPs are, it is easy just think of them as stem cells for your nervous system. They hold the capacity to proliferate, self-renew, and produce things that can turn into neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes.
CBC potential Health benefits:
- Assists in pain relief and reduces inflammation
- Inhibits cell growth in tumours or cancer
- Promotes bone growth
CBN or Cannabinol – A study showed that both THC and CBN (cannabinol) “induce a CB1/CB2 cannabinoid receptor-independent release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from capsaicin- sensitive perivascular sensory nerves.” With this said, there are certainly both CB1 and CB2 receptor reactions at play. Cannabinol is itself a degraded compound. The chemical synthesis starts with cannabigerolic acid, which is turned into THCA by THC synthase, which is then turned into cannabinolic acid via air and time & then, finally, into CBN given heat and ultraviolet light. For this reason, cannabinol has a role in telling you the age of your cannabis (if the cannabis hasn’t been preserved).
CBN potential Health benefits:
- Reduces inflammation
- Suppresses muscle spasms
- Aids in sleep
THCA, or tetrahydrocannabinolic acid – is a cannabis compound that is beginning to demonstrate immense therapeutic potential despite the infancy of its research. You’ve heard of THC, and while they may sound similar, THCA actually has very different properties. Unlike THC, THCA is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in raw and live cannabis. As the plant dries, THCA slowly converts to THC. Heat expedites this conversion in a process known as decarboxylation
THCA potential Health benefits:
- Reduces inflammation
- Reduces seizures and convulsions
- Inhibits cell growth in tumors or cancer
- Treats nausea and appetite loss
Full Spectrum, Terpenes and Isolate
Full spectrum refers to when many cannabinoids, alongside the main CBDcompound, are extracted resulting in a full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes. Isolate is simple just the CBDcompound oil itself as a concentrated active API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient). Previously it was thought that the isolate was the most effective, however a recent study resulted in the full spectrum giving the most benefits. It’s believed because the cannabinoids work well together as opposed to in isolation.
Secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBDcompound, terpenes are the pungent oils that colour cannabis varieties with distinctive complex flavors & smells like citrus, berry, mint, and pine. There are over 200 terpenes found in the cannabis plant. Not unlike other strong- smelling plants & flowers, the development of terpenes in cannabis began for adaptive purposes: to repel predators & lure pollinators. Terpenes compliment & assist all other cannabinoids in cannabis to optimally become utilised and more bio-available within the ECS.
Most Common Terpenes
Terpineal – This terpene is a major constituent of many essential oils found in plants. Its aroma gets filed under floral, lime and citrus, although it is used in all types of fragrances. After a certain amount of exposure, it has been known to give off sedative, couch-lock effects.
Borneol – This terpene smells like menthol and is known to be calming and to relieve stress. Borneol is used in traditional Chinese medicine and is also known to repel insects.
Limonene – is the most pungent citrus-oriented terpene, giving off scents of lemon and orange, while relieving stress and elevating moods. In addition to being relaxing, it has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-carcinogenic properties and can also be used as a gallstone treatment.
Linalool – Yet another sedative terpene, linalool gives off hints of flowers and citrus to mellow things out. Aside from promoting relaxation, it can also be used for anti-convulsing, anti-anxiety, anti- depressant and anti-acne treatments.
Myrcene – This earthy and musky scented terpene can also be found in bay, ylang-ylang, wild thyme, parsley and hops. Myrcene is famous for its sedative effects, as well as its use as an antioxidant, an anti-carcinogenic and for reducing pain inflammation.
Pinene – A common cannabis flavor is the natural taste of pine needles, which comes from the pinene terpene. This terpene keeps people alert and can be used as an expectorant, topical antiseptic and bronchodilator.
Eucalyptol – is a balancing and stimulating terpene that gives off a spicy and minty aroma and is also found in rosemary and eucalyptus. Medicinally, it can be used to increase circulation and relieve pain as well.
Humelene – Derived from the Latin name for hops, Humulus lupus, cannabis also produces high amounts of this sesquiterpene, as hops and cannabis have similar traits and fall into the same taxonomic category called Cannabaceae.
Delta 3 Carene – Cottonmouth and red eyes are commonly associated with using cannabis, and this terpene produces similar reactions. Delta-3-carene has a sweet and cedar aroma but is more importantly used to dry excess fluids like tears, running noses and excess menstrual flow.
Beta-Caryophylene – This terpene is found in cannabis, and its scent is often described as sweet, woody, spicy and peppery. Beta-caryophyllene has been known to take away pain and is used medicinally as an anti-inflammatory remedy.
Concentration is where most people get themselves into issues. Alongside concentration comes what dosage a user should have. This is where issues arise. Not every CBDcompound oil concentrate is the same. In order for users to feel safe and comfortable, we recommend the CBDcompound oil concentration to be either 312 mg or 468 mg per 20 ml bottle. Smaller concentrations of 156 mg are also safe for users. We recommend a normal use dosage of 3 drops per day, this is for general health use and a 20 ml bottle should last several months. For any specific related ailment we recommend using ⅓ of the dropper 3 x per day, which is 0.5 ml giving the user 11.7 mg of CBDcompound active for the 468 mg, 5.85 mg for the 312 mg and 3.9 mg for the 156 mg. Please consult your physician before making any decisions.
The CO2 extraction method allows for high quality CBDcompound oil without any impurities and toxins. The CO2 is pressurized and heated to a desired point where it can then assist in removing the precious oils from the plant. The CO2 is then completely removed, leaving only the the highest standard organic grade oils behind.
Tinctures are by far the most value for money. They are the purest form of oils available to the public, plus there are natural flavors such as Vanilla, Orange, Lavender, Lime, Cinnamon and Peppermint, each with their own unique benefits from the natural terpenes of botanicals.
There seems to be many reasons why we should be benefiting from this incredible force of nature. Let us not forgot, this is a plant after all. This plant truly does give us health benefits. If anything could come close to a magic pill it would be cannabis. Realistically, everything has to be supported with health lifestyle choices. You should always consult your physician.